• Dementia: Around 1.6 million people in Germany suffer from the Illness
  • These are the most common causes of dementia
  • This 10 factors can reduce the risk
  • Dementia prevention: Pay attention to warning signals

Dementia is a Common disease. Around 1.8 million people suffered from dementia in 2022. Most of them are affected by Alzheimer’s disease. In the course of 2021, around 440,000 people were newly diagnosed with dementia, according to the German Alzheimer Society. Alzheimer’s experts even assume that this proportion will rise to 2.7 million sufferers by 2050. Current research has shown that lifestyle plays a major role. Certain factors can help prevent dementia.

Dementia: These are symptoms

There are a few Factorsthat promote the development of dementia. These include, for example, Cholesterol levels, Obesity or too high Blood pressureAccordingly, there are also some factors that can counteract dementia.

“Dementia” comes from Latin and literally means “away from the spirit” or “without spirit”The essential characteristic of dementia is precisely that: the deterioration or loss of mental abilities.

Initially, dementia manifests itself through problems of Short-term memory and the Memory However, those affected gradually have increasing problems with the content of the Long-term memory and steadily lose the skills and abilities acquired during their lives. Dementia can also have a negative impact on Attentionthe Languagethe orientationas well as perception and Thinking ability Dementia therefore affects everything that makes up a person’s character.

Causes of dementia: This can be behind a disease

There are different Forms of dementia. A fundamental distinction is made between the primary and secondary dementiaSecondary dementias are usually caused by underlying diseases that are located outside the brain. These include, for example, vitamin deficiencies, metabolic diseases or chronic poisoning symptoms caused by medication or alcohol abuse.

Secondary dementias can be treated and sometimes even cured. In principle, it is possible for dementia symptoms to reverse. However, early detection and appropriate treatment are extremely important. However, secondary dementia only accounts for around ten percent of cases. 90 percent are primary dementias, which are usually irreversible.

Risk factors for the development of dementia include genetic predisposition or severe head injuriesHowever, genes are not as relevant as was long assumed: dementia in first-degree relatives only slightly increases the risk of developing the disease.

Pay attention to warning signs: What you should definitely look out for

For the treatment of a possible reversible dementia it is very important to recognize them early. A possible sign of dementia is Drive disorders: If someone used to enjoy sports and suddenly loses interest in it, this could be an indication of dementia. However, depressive disorders in question.

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If Memory gaps or language and orientation problems occur more frequently, you should contact a doctor. But: Especially at the beginning of dementia, it is often very difficult to persuade the affected person to see a doctor. They often try to cover up the symptoms with notes and react negatively or even aggressively when you speak to them about the symptoms. Here you can document the symptoms over a longer period of time and involve as many people as possible. A doctor can then make a provisional diagnosis based on the material and the statements.

Absolutely no way You should suppress the suspicion that someone might be suffering from dementia. Because an early diagnosis can enable those affected to receive timely help.

These 10 factors can reduce your risk of dementia

The exact Causes of dementia have not been conclusively clarified, but this is no reason to ignore the non-specific possibilities for prevention. According to the German Alzheimer Society, the aim of these prevention options is to increase the brain’s resistance to the disease, to eliminate the factors that promote the disease, and to prevent damage to the brain from secondary diseases. personal lifestyle can have a major impact on the likelihood of developing the disease.

This 10 factors can be crucial:

  • Physical activity: Everything that is good for your heart is also good for your brain. Experts recommend at least 2.5 hours of exercise per week.
  • Mental Fitness: Learning new things is important even in old age and is good for the brain.
  • Social life: Don’t isolate yourself, but maintain social contacts even as you get older. Activities in groups are more fun that way.
  • Healthy eating: Diet plays a big role. Diabetes is a major risk factor for dementia. You can keep your brain fit by eating certain foods.
  • Obesity: Having too many kilos on your ribs is a major risk factor for your health – especially as you get older. Also because being overweight can promote high blood pressure.
  • Sleep: Sufficient sleep is important so that the body can eliminate all harmful substances in the brain.
  • Depressions: Take care of yourself and listen to what you feel inside. Have you been feeling listless and depressed for a while? Then get medical help.
  • Hearing loss: If you notice that your hearing is deteriorating, take it seriously and get a hearing aid early.
  • Smoke: Smoking is also a risk factor for dementia.
  • alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption damages the brain and promotes diseases such as dementia.
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