An optimal skin care routine includes, among other things, proper facial cleansing and optimal hydration. Find out which products are suitable for your skin type and how the needs of men’s and women’s skin differ.

Quick overview: Frequently asked questions and answers

What does good skin care involve? Regular cleansing, moisturizing and UV protection are important for all skin types. In addition, a balanced diet, drinking plenty of fluids and getting enough sleep can contribute to healthy skin.

Should you apply cream every day? For dry skin, applying cream is recommended. However, for healthy, well-moisturized skin, daily application of cream is not necessary. There are even studies that show that this disrupts the natural moisture balance and that the skin is initially drier after stopping using the care products.

What skin care products are available? The range of products is large. In addition to cleansing milk or water, there are washing gels and peelings. Lotions, creams, ointments, masks, serums and oils are available for skin care.

Article contents at a glance:

Facial yoga: Prevent wrinkles with exercises

Facial yoga: Prevent wrinkles with exercises

Skin care depends on skin type

It is important to choose the right products for each skin type. Over-cared skin that is supplied with more moisture or oil than it needs is prone to blemishes. Conversely, too little moisture and oil leads to tight, rough and possibly itchy skin – and in the long term to premature wrinkles.

There are four skin types:

  • Oily skin: The skin has an increased production of sebum. It often feels moist, shiny, and is prone to large pores, pimples and blackheads. It needs little or no oil, but a lot of moisture. Regular cleansing is very important for this skin type.

  • Combination skin: Here, facial care should be divided into two parts. The T-zone – forehead, nose and chin – is rather oily, while the skin on the cheeks, around the eyes and on the neck is rather dry.

  • Dry skin: Dry skin is low in oil and moisture and is usually sensitive. It often appears flaky, dull and rough. The cleansing products should preserve the skin’s acid mantle and the subsequent care should add moisture.

  • Normal skin: Normal skin is problem-free, free of blemishes and redness. It is neither oily nor too dry and has fine pores.

Good to know:

The condition of the skin can change over the course of a lifetime, but also due to external influences. Skin care may need to be adjusted accordingly. The individual skin type can be determined in a cosmetic or dermatological practice.

Skin care: What to consider when cleaning

An essential part of personal care is cleaning the body of dirt, sweat, cosmetic residues, skin flakes and germs.

Experts recommend:

  • Cleanse your face twice a day, in the morning after getting up and in the evening before going to bed

  • Do not use facial toners containing alcohol on dry skin

  • Use slightly acidic (pH 5), soap-free syndets with synthetic detergents for cleaning; they do not attack the skin’s protective acid mantle like conventional soaps, as they are alkali-free and therefore do not form lye

  • it is best to use products without perfume

  • Shower two to three times a week (people who sweat a lot or do sports should shower more often)

  • If you shower frequently, limit the time to about five minutes and do not exceed a water temperature of 39 degrees Celsius

A regular peeling once a week frees the skin of unnecessary dead skin cells and prevents acne or blackheads. If the skin reacts with irritation, it is better to avoid this.

Skin care: How important is applying cream?

Normally, fats in the top layer of skin ensure that enough moisture is retained and the skin remains supple. However, certain factors such as increasing age, cold, or heated air can dry out the skin.

People with dry skin or skin diseases such as neurodermatitis should also provide their skin with sufficient moisture.

Various care products can be used for applying cream:

  • Lotions: are rather thin emulsions that contain more water than oil

  • Creams: have a creamy consistency and approximately equal ratio of water and oil

  • Body oils: are particularly suitable for use on very dry skin areas such as knees or elbows

  • Body butter: based on solid oil or fats (such as shea butter)

  • Anoint: mainly contain fats and oils as well as pharmaceutical active ingredients (such as wound ointment, zinc ointment)

  • Gels: consist only of water and swelling agents

For dry skin, richer products (water-in-oil emulsions) are recommended, which contain more oil than water and lock in moisture in the skin. For oily or blemish-prone skin, water-based products (oil-in-water emulsions) should be used, which provide moisture but do not lock in moisture.


Regardless of your skin type, think about UV protection: a day cream with a sun protection factor is recommended, especially in the summer months.

Anti-wrinkle skin care: stop skin aging?

Skin care products to prevent skin aging are very popular. They often contain ingredients such as:

  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Niacinamide (vitamin B3 derivative)
  • Retinol (vitamin A)
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Collagen

Stiftung Warentest tested the effectiveness of various anti-wrinkle creams. It was found that the products do not keep their promises. The testers were only able to prove a certain anti-aging effect using special measuring devices, but not with the naked eye. This applies both to special creams against wrinkles around the eyes and to anti-aging products for the entire face.

The products can, however, improve very fine wrinkles. However, this is not attributed to specific anti-wrinkle ingredients, but rather to the moisture content of the creams. This is able to plump up the wrinkles to a certain extent.

What skin care does men’s skin need?

Men’s skin differs from women’s skin:

  • It is about 20 percent thicker.
  • Men have more sebaceous glands and larger pores.
  • Men’s skin tends to be oilier, tighter and firmer.
  • The skin ages later, but faster.

In general, men should also clean their faces every day, preferably in the evening before going to bed. Applying cream is also important to provide the skin with moisture, fat and nutrients. When choosing care products, you should consider your skin type.

Shaving a beard is a special process that puts a strain on a man’s skin. After shaving, a soothing facial care product is important.

Detect skin diseases with these images

Detect skin diseases with these images