How does the weather affect our skin?

“Winter can put a lot of strain on the skin of the face,” says the chief physician. In cold weather, the blood vessels in the skin contract to keep the heat inside the body. This causes the Nutrient and oxygen supply reduced and the metabolism of the skin slows down. In addition, the Winter skin dries out fasteras temperature affects the function and performance of the sebaceous glands. At eight degrees Celsius and colder, the sebaceous glands stop functioning and no longer produce oil.

This causes the skin to lose its fatty film (lipid layer). As a result, its protection against evaporation is reduced and the skin loses more moisture. This can lead to cracks, redness, flaky patches and itching. Thick scarves or scratchy fabrics can also stress the skin. Therefore, experts recommend supporting the skin with oily care products at temperatures below eight degrees Celsius in order to maintain the fatty film.

In summer, the protective lipid layer is also in demand. Sweat and strong sunlight can also cause the skin to dry out and become cracked. In this case, however, the skin needs moisturizers. Chief physician Lutz Engelmann: “The following applies: The colder, the more fat and the warmer, the more moisture our skin needs.”

Winter eczema: What is it?

In winter, many people complain about dry and flaky skinNot only does this usually feel uncomfortable, it also quickly looks pale and wrinkled. The dry patches of skin can also easily become inflamed, which leads to what is known as winter eczema. It is usually caused by external influences, such as cold outside temperatures and dry heating air.

Winter eczema: typical symptoms

  • Redness of the skin
  • Feeling of tension
  • itching
  • weeping spots
  • Crust or scaling formation
  • small bubbles if necessary

The face and hands are particularly susceptible to winter eczema. But the skin on the shins and elbows also dries out quickly in winter because there are only a few sebaceous glands there.

What helps against dry skin and winter eczema?

“Don’t scratch your dry, itchy skin. This puts strain on the skin and can damage it. In addition, itching and scratching make each other worse,” says Dr. Lutz Engelmann.

Fat and moisture

It is best to maintain the natural skin barrier, for example by moisturising body lotionswhich also provide moisture. It is also advisable to drink enough to provide the skin with moisture from the inside. The Lips are also sensitive in winter and dry out quickly. This often leads to dry and cracked lips. The right care with creams or lip balms helps here

Mild soap meets proper showering

“In winter, daily cleaning and care is best pH-neutral, moisturising and refatting soaps and bath additives use. You shouldn’t overdo it in winter with daily, overly hot showers or baths either,” says the chief physician. If possible, the water should not be warmer than 35 degrees Celsius, as warmer water draws additional fat from the skin.

Treating skin inflammation

In case of eczema, short-term application of a cortisone-containing ointment It can relieve itching and counteract inflammation. Treatment of (winter) eczema should always be carried out in consultation with a dermatologist.

Don’t forget your hands

In winter, two factors contribute to dry hands. On the one hand, regular hand washing and on the other hand, cold air outside dry out the skin on the hands. This can quickly lead to fine cracks and, consequently, infections. To prevent this, the hands should be treated with a rich hand cream be supplied.

Right nutrition

Certain foods can strengthen the skin from within. Vegetable oils from linseed, chia seeds or hemp can strengthen the skin from the inside with essential omega-3 fatty acids.

Fatty fish, avocados and salads with rich oils should be served more often. You should also make sure you drink enough fluids.

Sun protection

You should also think about sun protection in winter – especially when skiing or hiking in the snow. Snow reflects up to 90 percent of sunlight, which puts more strain on the skin. To protect your eyes from UV rays, it is a good idea to wear sunglasses or ski goggles. The sunglasses should comply with the European standard EN 1836 and provide sufficient darkening. The glare category indicates how much the goggles darken. Categories 2 and 3 are sufficient for everyday useCategory 4 applies to extreme environments such as glaciers.

Foot care

The dryness can quickly cause small cracks to form on the feet. Often, more calluses also form. Special foot creams with urea can counteract this and provide optimal care for the skin on the feet.

Dos and don’ts of skin care in winter

  • Use greasy and moisturizing face and body creams
  • Apply cream to lips and hands regularly
  • Use pH-neutral soaps and shampoos
  • shower with lukewarm water
  • Do not bathe or shower too often
  • Apply sunscreen

Beautiful skin all year round: What should you consider when caring for your skin?

Skin care should not only be adjusted in winter. There are a few things to consider for the other seasons as well.

Spring

Mild, moisturizing and pH-neutral Skin care products are also ideal in spring to take good care of the skin. As temperatures rise, the skin’s moisture requirements also change. Sebum production increases again, so greasy creams are no longer needed – unless the skin is very dry all year round. Otherwise, creams that are too greasy can quickly lead to pimples and clogged pores. UV protection should be applied regularly. Although the sun is not yet at its full strength, skin that has become accustomed to the sun still needs sufficient protection.

Summer

The change in temperature and the increased exposure to sunlight can put a strain on the skin in summer. Therefore, you should light, moisturising body lotions Short, lukewarm showers are also ideal in the summer months. If you want to stimulate circulation, you can also take a cold shower.

Heat, sweat and increased sebum production quickly lead to skin impurities. Therefore, it is important to Face morning and evening with mild cleansing products The day cream should contain little fat. Even in summer, a Day cream with UV protection to your daily care routine. This can protect your skin from premature aging and skin cancer.

Autumn

Autumn brings lower temperatures, which causes the skin vessels to contract again and the skin is supplied with less blood. It now needs Increased moisturising substancesas sebum production is reduced. To protect the skin from drying out, do not shower with water that is too hot. After showering, the body should be treated with a moisturizing lotion. Adequate sun protection is also important in autumn, as the sun can still be very strong and cause skin damage.

Seven tips and tricks for year-round well-cared skin

  • Sufficient sleep: Seven to eight hours of sleep are also good for the skin. Too little sleep can quickly make it look pale and grey. During the night, the cells renew themselves, which means the skin looks fresh and healthy the next morning.
  • Sun protection: Sun rays cause the skin to age faster and can cause skin cancer. Applying sun protection all year round can help prevent this. This can be done, for example, in the form of day creams with a sun protection factor.
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco: While alcohol removes moisture from the skin and makes it look pale, nicotine leads to narrowing of blood vessels and poorer blood circulation in the skin.
  • Oxygen: Fresh air is the key to beautiful skin. If you don’t regularly give yourself enough oxygen, you will quickly notice tired and pale skin.
  • Drink, drink, drink: To keep your skin looking healthy, it is important to provide your body with enough fluids. Instead of sweetened drinks, you should drink water, about 1.5 to 2 liters per day.
  • Peelings: A gentle peeling removes dead skin cells, allowing the skin to shine again. If you tend to have sensitive skin, you should not use a peeling more than once a week.
  • Nutrition: Sweets and fatty foods should not be on the menu too often. Sugar, salt and fats can cause blemishes, redness and pimples if consumed in excess. It is better to eat lots of fruit and vegetables. These provide the skin with important vitamins, trace elements and antioxidants.